Building name: Turning Torso
Architect: Santiago Calatrava
City: Malmö ( Sweden)

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The Turning Torso is a spectacular skyscraper located in Malmö, Sweden, designed by the renowned Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. Completed in 2005, it stands as the tallest building in Scandinavia, reaching a height of 190 meters (623 feet) with 54 stories. The tower is a stunning example of modernist architecture and a landmark in the city's skyline. Here are some details about the architecture and design of the Turning Torso:

Design Concept:

Calatrava's design for the Turning Torso was inspired by a sculpture called "Twisting Torso," which he created in the late 1990s. The concept revolves around a twisting, sculptural form that rises from the ground, creating a dynamic and fluid silhouette. The tower twists a full 90 degrees from base to top, giving it a unique and striking appearance.

Twisting Form:

The most distinctive feature of the Turning Torso is its twisting structure. The tower's nine segments, each slightly rotated relative to the one below it, create the twisting effect. This design not only provides a striking visual impact but also serves functional purposes, such as maximizing views for the residents.

Materials and Construction:

The tower is primarily constructed with reinforced concrete and steel. The exterior facade is clad in aluminum panels and glass, giving it a sleek and modern appearance. The materials were chosen for their durability, energy efficiency, and ability to withstand the harsh Nordic climate.

Residential Spaces:

The Turning Torso is primarily a residential building, housing luxury apartments with stunning views of the city, the Öresund strait, and the surrounding landscape. The twisting design of the tower allows for each apartment to have a unique layout and panoramic views from multiple angles.

Sustainability Features:

Calatrava incorporated several sustainable design features into the Turning Torso. The building includes energy-efficient systems, such as geothermal heating and cooling, to reduce its environmental footprint. The tower also utilizes natural light and ventilation to enhance the living spaces and minimize energy consumption.

Iconic Landmark:

Since its completion, the Turning Torso has become an iconic symbol of Malmö and a point of pride for the city. It has received numerous awards for its innovative design and engineering, including the 2005 Gold Emporis Skyscraper Award.

Integration with Surroundings:

The Turning Torso is part of a larger development called the Western Harbour, a waterfront area in Malmö that underwent significant urban renewal. Calatrava's design aimed to create a landmark that would enhance the city's skyline while also revitalizing the waterfront area with modern architecture and public spaces.

The Turning Torso stands as a testament to Santiago Calatrava's mastery of form, structure, and innovation in architecture. Its twisting silhouette, sustainable features, and integration with its surroundings make it not only a stunning architectural marvel but also a functional and vibrant part of Malmö's urban landscape.

Visits of Turning Torso

Lilla Varvsgatan 14
21115 Malmö